Mastodon's tusks reveal life of fighting, roaming

Mastodon's tusks reveal life of fighting, roaming
The New York Times highlighted research by geologists and anthropologists at the University of Cincinnati who used isotopic analysis to track the seasonal migration of a mastodon that died in a fight with another mastodon more than 13,000 years ago.UC College of Arts and Sciences researchers Joshua Miller, Brooke Crowley and Bledar Konomi worked wi...
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Molecular 3D-maps unlock new ways of studying human reproduction

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Scientists have identified the biochemical signals that control the emergence of the body pattern in the primate embryo. This will guide work to understand birth defects and pregnancy loss in humans.The study also provides a crucial reference for foetal tissue generation in the lab - such tissue is in short supply but is needed for drug screening a...
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New Landmark in Flexible Electronics

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On March 25, Prof. Bao Zhenan's team from Stanford University and Prof. Hu Wenping's team from Tianjin University published the study "Topological Supramolecular Network Enabled High-Conductivity, Stretchable Organic Bioelectronics"online in Science, realizing the long-dreamed combination of the great electrical and mechanical performance of the fl...
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Photocatalysis: the Nano-Sponge Revolution

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Creating a sponge-like hole structure on the nanometre scale that allows small molecules to pass through, record-breaking chemical reactivity was achieved. Catalysts are often solid materials whose surface comes into contact with gases or liquids, thereby enabling certain chemical reactions. However, this means that any atoms of the catalyst t...
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New funding will enable fresh insights into Elementary Particles - University of Birmingham

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 This work includes exploration of the detailed properties of the Higgs boson and searches for elusive dark matter particles.The grant, which includes £3.4 million from the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), will enable members of the University's particle physics group to build on their previous work at the CERN Large Hadron Co...
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Clean energy investing makes financial as well as climate sense says new report

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Clean energy transitions can be successful if institutional investors, corporates and governments increase the funding of renewable infrastructures.This is according to a new report by the Centre for Climate Finance & Investment at Imperial College Business School. In the report, the authors argue that accelerating the energy transition could b...
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ANTI-SUPERBUG RESEARCH BOOSTED

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A global drive - led by University of the West of Scotland (UWS) – to tackle a drug-resistant superbug has received additional funding.The successful international research project – to source antimicrobial agents that could help tackle the bacteria – was recently awarded an additional £59,000 in grant funding. The project, a collaboration between ...
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Ancient DNA reveals surprises about how early Africans lived, traveled and interacted

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New research provides evidence of demographic shifts in sub-Saharan AfricaA new analysis of human remains that were buried in African archaeological sites has produced the earliest DNA from the continent, telling a fascinating tale of how early humans lived, traveled and even found their significant others.An interdisciplinary team of 44 researcher...
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THE COASTAL CAVES THAT ARE REVEALING THE STRONG BONDS BETWEEN LIVING AND DEAD IN PREHISTORIC SCOTLAND

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On a coastline overlooking the Moray Firth, a series of caves are slowly sharing their remarkable, if at times macabre, secrets of prehistoric society in Scotland and their relationship with the dead.Ever since the late 1920's when Sylvia Benton entered the Sculptor's Cave, the best known of the Covesea Caves, and found its floor strewn with human ...
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World’s most powerful solar telescope begins observations from Haleakalā

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A new era of solar science commenced when the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope (Inouye Solar Telescope) on Haleakalā conducted its first science observations on February 24—the start of a year-long operations commissioning phase. The telescope is by far the world's most powerful solar telescope, and stands atop...
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Drexel’s Environmental Collaboratory Will Solve Environmental Problems With a Community-Driven and Justice-Centered Approach

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Drexel University, in partnership with the Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, has launched a new platform, The Environmental Collaboratory, focused on climate change, environmental justice and human wellbeing. Building on its comprehensive research expertise, longstanding relationship with external partners and deep commitment to civ...
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The ICM, the UdG and the UPC join efforts to measure the capacity of marine reserves to recover overexploited species

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Over the next four years, the research team will evaluate the usefulness of a network of newly created protected marine reserves in waters between 300 and 400 metres deep. The objective is to find out if these protected areas could contribute to the recovery of habitats damaged by fishing and, at the same time, promote the sustainability of this ac...
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What the rise of oxygen on early Earth tells us about life on other planets

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Deeper understanding of Earth's atmosphere could help us identify signs of life beyond our solar systemWhen did the Earth reach oxygen levels sufficient to support animal life? Researchers from McGill University have discovered that a rise in oxygen levels occurred in step with the evolution and expansion of complex, eukaryotic ecosystems. Their fi...
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Agricultural fungicides may be driving resistance

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 Drugs used to treat life-threatening fungal infections are becoming less effectiveNew research from the University of Georgia has shown, for the first time, that compounds used to fight fungal diseases in plants are causing resistance to antifungal medications used to treat people.The study focused on Aspergillus fumigatus, the fungus that ca...
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Nanobubbles a pathway to better medical devices

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Sydney Nano scientists witness spontaneous nanobubble formation.Tiny gas bubbles could help reduce drag in small medical devices, university scientists have found. Drag can lead to clogging and damage biological samples, so this discovery could pave the way to more robust devices.Researchers from the University of Sydney Nano Institute and School o...
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Genetic engineering can have a positive effect on the climate

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 University of Bonn and Breakthrough Institute: Genetically modified crops in Europe could reduce greenhouse gas emissionsThe use of genetically modified (GM) crops in agriculture remains contentious, especially in Europe. According to surveys, many people fear that these could have negative effects for human health and the environment. Howeve...
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Protons are probably actually smaller than long thought

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Study by the University of Bonn and the TU Darmstadt suggests errors in the interpretation of older measurementsA few years ago, a novel measurement technique showed that protons are probably smaller than had been assumed since the 1990s. The discrepancy surprised the scientific community; some researchers even believed that the Standard Model of p...
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2000 green bottles (per m2,) insulating a wall

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That glass can have a significant impact on a building's insulation is well known – just ask anyone that has ever sat through a pitch from a double-glazing salesman.But the material could soon find a surprising new use in 3D-printed buildings after researchers demonstrated that concrete made with ground-up recycled glass has significantly better in...
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Using drones to capture coastal heritage before it’s lost

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Seaford Head, a nationally important heritage site at increasing risk of coastal erosion related to accelerating climate change, is being investigated and recorded under a new initiative involving Archaeology South-East, part of UCL's Institute of Archaeology.Improved understanding is a necessary first step in the process of managing the loss of an...
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Aston University to develop new applications of optical frequency technology to benefit telecommunications and the food industry

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- £1.6m awarded to Aston University to develop new optical frequency technology- Project will target applications of new technology such as food industry, agri-tech and telecommunications- Aston Institute of Photonic Technologies will lead the new UKRI-funded researchAston University is heading up a European collaboration that will explore new opti...
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