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Discharge of precious groundwater impacted by sea level, ocean tides

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Groundwater is a vital resource for humans and ecosystems. Submarine groundwater discharge is a process by which water exits coastal aquifers and enters the ocean. This can be terrestrial freshwater or salty seawater that intruded into the porous aquifer at the ocean's edge. While precipitation and sea level drive coastal groundwater levels, it is ...
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Using drones to capture coastal heritage before it’s lost

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Seaford Head, a nationally important heritage site at increasing risk of coastal erosion related to accelerating climate change, is being investigated and recorded under a new initiative involving Archaeology South-East, part of UCL's Institute of Archaeology.Improved understanding is a necessary first step in the process of managing the loss of an...
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2000 green bottles (per m2,) insulating a wall

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That glass can have a significant impact on a building's insulation is well known – just ask anyone that has ever sat through a pitch from a double-glazing salesman.But the material could soon find a surprising new use in 3D-printed buildings after researchers demonstrated that concrete made with ground-up recycled glass has significantly better in...
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Selective separation could help alleviate critical metals shortage

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 New processing methods developed by MIT researchers could help ease looming shortages of the essential metals that power everything from phones to automotive batteries, by making it easier to separate these rare metals from mining ores and recycled materials.Selective adjustments within a chemical process called sulfidation allowed professor ...
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Rapidly warming Arctic could cause spread of nuclear waste, undiscovered viruses and dangerous chemicals, new report finds

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 Rapidly thawing Arctic permafrost has the potential to release radioactive waste from cold war nuclear submarines and reactors, antibiotic resistant bacteria and potentially undiscovered viruses, an Aberystwyth University researcher has jointly found.Writing in Nature Climate Change, Dr Arwyn Edwards, from the Institute of Biological, Environ...
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Fundamental Physical Research for Photonic Technologies of the Future

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 The German Research Foun­da­tion (DFG) announced a further renewal of the Collaborative Research Center (CRC)/Trans­re­gio 142, "Tailor-made nonlinear photonics: From fundamental concepts to functional structures". This collaborative proj­ect at Pa­der­bornUni­ver­sity and TU Dort­mundUni­ver­sity focuses on the basic principles of photonics ...
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DEEP-SEA MEDICINE TREASURE TROVE COULD BE UNLOCKED

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Despite the advancement of vaccines as a protective measure, the emergence of newly evolved strains of Covid mean that its threat to public health continues, so finding other suitable treatments remains a priority.Professor Milan Radosavljevic, Vice-Principal of Research, Innovation and EngagementNew antiviral drugs – including Covid treatments – c...
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The Vast Little Library Inside of Your Cells

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 The human genome can be thought of as a massive library, containing over 20,000 different "instruction manuals": your genes. For example, there are genes which contain information to build a brain cell, a skin cell, a white blood cell, and so on. There are even genes that contain information about regulating the genome itself—like books that ...
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Murray Darling Basin water rights: the psychology of allocation

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 Researchers at the University of Adelaide's Adelaide Law School are surveying Murray Darling Basin stakeholders about their beliefs regarding water trading and ownership of water rights to help inform future policy."There has been much consultation about the legal rights regarding water allocation and ownership but very little research has be...
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Explanation for Unusual Isotope Patterns

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In the Guaymas Basin in the Gulf of California, MARUM researchers detected hydrocarbon gas patterns that could not have been generated by known formation pathways. They were able to simulate the hydrocarbon formation in the laboratory. Their study has now been published.Hydrocarbons, which are an essential component of crude oil and natural gas, fo...
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New detection technique shows Far-UVC light destroys SARS-CoV-2 at genetic level

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 - Innovative Far-UVC light technology could play a critical role in the fight against Covid-19, destroying the virus at a genetic level and reducing the risk of new variants emerging- Lab testing by Professor Michael Themis at Brunel University London used a new and highly sensitive detection technique to measure destruction of SARS-CoV-2 on ...
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Researchers develop programmable photocatalyst

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 Chemical reactions can be controlled using coloured light by means of an intelligent photocatalyst developed by researchers at the Chair of Physical Chemistry at FAU and the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces. The colour of the light determines which programmed chemical reactions are triggered by the photocatalyst. The researcher...
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A NEW SUPERSTRUCTURE OF GALAXIES IN FORMATION HAS BEEN DISCOVERED IN THE DISTANT UNIVERSE

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 An international team of astrophysicists has reported the discovery of a structure, or 'protocluster', dating from the most active epoch of the Universe ten billion years ago, and which is expected to develop into a galaxy supercluster. The team includes scientists* from Université Paris-Saclay, the French National Centre for Scientific Resea...
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TINY MICROSCOPIC HUNTERS COULD BE A CRYSTAL BALL FOR CLIMATE CHANGE

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 DURHAM, N.C. -- It's hard to know what climate change will mean for Earth's interconnected and interdependent webs of life. But one team of researchers at Duke University says we might begin to get a glimpse of the future from just a few ounces of microbial soup.Every drop of pond water and teaspoon of soil is teeming with tens of thousands o...
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Giving robots social skills

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A new machine-learning system helps robots understand and perform certain social interactions.Robots can deliver food on a college campus and hit a hole-in-one on the golf course, but even the most sophisticated robot can't perform basic social interactions that are critical to everyday human life.MIT researchers have now incorporated certain socia...
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Flexible Sensor-Integrated RFA Needle Leads to Smarter Medical Treatment​

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 Clinical trial of flexible sensor-integrated radiofrequency ablation (RFA) needle tip monitors physical changes and steam popResearchers have designed a thin polymeric sensor platform on a radiofrequency ablation needle to monitor temperature and pressure in real time. The sensors integrated onto 1.5 mm diameter needle tip have proven their e...
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Newly returned Moon rock samples chronicle the dying days of lunar volcanism

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Jim Head, a planetary geologist at Brown, is working with colleagues from China to analyze rocks returned from the Chang'e 5 mission, which recently brought to Earth the first lunar samples retrieved in 45 years.Analysis of newly returned rock samples from Oceanus Procellarum, a vast volcanic plain on the Moon (seen here in a topographic rendering ...
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A cryptography game-changer for biomedical research at scale

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 Personalized medicine is set to revolutionize healthcare, yet large-scale research studies towards better diagnoses and targeted therapies are currently hampered by data privacy and security concerns. New global collaborative research has developed a solution to these challenges, described in Nature Communications.Predictive, preventive, pers...
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Green energy revolution can spark wider benefits

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 New Geography President of British Science Association to deliver talk at festivalDr Rosie Robison, the new Geography President of the British Science Association, will use her presidential address to explain how the green energy revolution has the potential to provide more than simply a reduction in pollution.Speaking at the British Science ...
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Researchers identified factors that turn normal cells into liver cancer cells

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Learning how to make cancer cells from normal cells provides mechanistic understanding about the early developmental stages of human cancer that can be used for preventing these tumorigenic mechanisms in the future.Researchers at the University of Helsinki could show for the first time that normal human fibroblast cells can be converted to specific...
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